Major Schemes/ Projects

The Rural Water Supply Schemes are primarily being implemented by the department under following programmes:

1.   National rural drinking water programme (NRDWP):

Historically, drinking water supply in the rural areas in India has been outside the government's sphere of influence. Community-managed open wells, private wells, ponds and small-scale irrigation reservoirs have often been the main traditional sources of rural drinking water. The Government of Indiaís effective role in the rural drinking water supply sector started in 1972-73 with the launch of Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (ARWSP).

During the period 1972-1986, the major thrust of the ARWSP was to ensure provision of adequate drinking water supply to the rural community through the Public Health Engineering System.

The second generation programme started with the launching of Technology Mission in

1986-87, renamed in 1991-92 as Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission . Stress on water quality, appropriate technology intervention, human resource development support and other related activities were introduced in the Rural Water Supply sector.

The third generation programme started in 1999-2000 when Sector Reform Projects evolved to involve community in planning, implementation and management of drinking water related schemes, later scaled up as Swajaldhara in 2002.

The Rural Water Supply (RWS) sector has now entered the fourth phase with major emphasis on ensuring sustainability of water availability in terms of potability, adequacy, convenience, affordability and equity while also adopting decentralized approach involving PRIs and community organizations. Adequate flexibility is afforded to the States/UTs to incorporate the principles of decentralized, demand driven, area specific strategy taking into account all aspects

of the sustainability of the source, system, finance and management of the drinking water supply infrastructure. Adoption of appropriate technology, revival of traditional systems, conjunctive use of surface and ground water, conservation, rain water harvesting and recharging of drinking water sources have been emphasised in the new approach.

Based on these considerations the ARWSP has been modified as National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) for the Eleventh Plan period. It is sincerely hoped that the new regime will help in providing adequate and potable drinking water on a sustainable basis to all persons living in the rural areas of our country.

2.  Punjab Rural Water Supply & Sanitation Project (World Bank assisted ) :

GoPís vision and long term strategy aims at covering all Punjab villages with 100 % water supply coverage with higher service standards and private service connections to most households as well as providing modern underground waste water collection and disposal systems.

The DWSS was providing new schemes with limited or no participation of the end users in decision making or service management. Thus, the current institutional, operational and financing arrangements presented constraints and challenges in achieving service improvements or ensuring long-term sustainability. With high O&M costs and low O&M cost recovery from users, the water supply systems were becoming unsustainable.

As a result, GoP thought of taking a step ahead under good governance initiatives, to involve the community in capital cost sharing, planning, construction and running & maintaining the RWS infrastructure. Since, the state needed significant improvements in the quality of rural water and sanitation service delivery requiring both additional investments and reforms, the RWSS program was taken up with the support of World Bank by adopting Sector Wide Approach (SWAp) because the World Bank has already initiated these types of projects in other states (Uttaranchal, Andhra Pradesh and Assam etc.) also.

It is anticipated that this projects will develop best practice examples of statewide scaling up and provide strong demonstration impact nationwide.

The project finalized by the World Bank will cover 674 not covered NC villages and 2340 PC villages over a period of 5 yrs at a cost of Rs. 1280.30 Crore. Besides this old rural water supply schemes will be rejuvenated by making minor repairs/ replacements needed.

Program Components and Financing Structure

The RWSS sector medium term program includes three main components:

Programme Management

It includes Institutional Development through DWSS with specific new wings of SPMC and 20 DPMCs (one for each district), capacity building of program institutions and Support Organizations, program-wide IEC activities, monitoring and evaluation, and sector development initiatives(Rs.152 crores)

Community Development

This component includes capacity support to GPs and GPWSCs in engineering, social and community development aspects (Rs.119 crores)

Infrastucture Building

Here in both single and multi village rural water supply schemes, service improvements linked to tranfer of single village and intra-village component of multi-village schemes, contingency fund for emergencies, and community sanitation schemes are included (Rs.1009 crores)

Details of Component-wise Cost and Sources of Funds in INR Crore

Component Total SWAp Progarm % to total SWAp Sources of Funds
GOI Bank Financing GOP Community
A Program Management 152.0 11.9 0.0 152.0 0 0.0
B Community Dev. Support 119.5 9.3 0.0 119.5 0 0.0
C 1008.8 78.8 207.2 479.4 245.4 76.8
Total 1280.3 100 207.2 750.9 245.4 76.8

3.  Project assisted by NABARD:

To accelerate the provision of potable drinking water to NC villages and augment the existing Rural Water Supply Schemes, the department is implementing projects with Financial Assistance from NABARD. First such project was approved in August 2000. Since then, till date total 21 projects have been got sanctioned from NABARD under various tranches from RIDF VI to XII. With the implementation of these projects, the department has been able to achieve tremendous success towards providing potable drinking water to a large number of villages in all the districts of Punjab.

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