The Rural Water
Supply Schemes are primarily being implemented by the department under
1. National rural drinking water programme (NRDWP):
drinking water supply in the rural areas in India has been outside the
government's sphere of influence. Community-managed open wells, private
wells, ponds and small-scale irrigation reservoirs have often been the
main traditional sources of rural drinking water. The Government of
Indiaís effective role in the rural drinking water supply sector started
in 1972-73 with the launch of Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme
the period 1972-1986, the major thrust of the ARWSP was to ensure provision
of adequate drinking water supply to the rural community through the
Public Health Engineering System.
The second generation programme started with the launching of Technology
renamed in 1991-92 as Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission .
Stress on water quality, appropriate technology intervention, human
resource development support and other related activities were introduced
in the Rural Water Supply sector.
third generation programme started in 1999-2000 when Sector Reform Projects
evolved to involve community in planning, implementation and management
of drinking water related schemes, later scaled up as Swajaldhara in
Rural Water Supply (RWS) sector has now entered the fourth phase with
major emphasis on ensuring sustainability of water availability in terms
of potability, adequacy, convenience, affordability and equity while
also adopting decentralized approach involving PRIs and community organizations.
Adequate flexibility is afforded to the States/UTs to incorporate the
principles of decentralized, demand driven, area specific strategy taking
into account all aspects
the sustainability of the source, system, finance and management of
the drinking water supply infrastructure. Adoption of appropriate technology,
revival of traditional systems, conjunctive use of surface and ground
water, conservation, rain water harvesting and recharging of drinking
water sources have been emphasised in the new approach.
on these considerations the ARWSP has been modified as National Rural
Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) for the Eleventh Plan period. It is
sincerely hoped that the new regime will help in providing adequate
and potable drinking water on a sustainable basis to all persons living
in the rural areas of our country.
2. Punjab Rural
Water Supply & Sanitation Project (World Bank assisted ) :
vision and long term strategy aims at covering all Punjab villages with
100 % water supply coverage with higher service standards and private
service connections to most households as well as providing modern underground
waste water collection and disposal systems.
DWSS was providing new schemes with limited or no participation of the
end users in decision making or service management. Thus, the
current institutional, operational and financing arrangements presented
constraints and challenges in achieving service improvements or ensuring
long-term sustainability. With high O&M costs and low O&M cost
recovery from users, the water supply systems were becoming unsustainable.
a result, GoP thought of taking a step ahead under good governance initiatives,
to involve the community in capital cost sharing, planning, construction
and running & maintaining the RWS infrastructure. Since, the state
needed significant improvements in the quality of rural water and sanitation
service delivery requiring both additional investments and reforms,
the RWSS program was taken up with the support of World Bank by adopting
Sector Wide Approach (SWAp) because the World Bank has already initiated
these types of projects in other states (Uttaranchal, Andhra Pradesh
and Assam etc.) also.
is anticipated that this projects will develop best practice examples
of statewide scaling up and provide strong demonstration impact nationwide.
finalized by the World Bank will cover 674 not covered NC villages and
2340 PC villages over a period of 5 yrs at a cost of Rs. 1280.30 Crore.
Besides this old rural water supply schemes will be rejuvenated by making
minor repairs/ replacements needed.
Components and Financing Structure
The RWSS sector medium term program includes three main components:
It includes Institutional Development through DWSS with specific new wings
of SPMC and 20 DPMCs (one for each district), capacity building of program
institutions and Support Organizations, program-wide IEC activities,
monitoring and evaluation, and sector development initiatives(Rs.152
This component includes capacity support to GPs and GPWSCs in engineering, social
and community development aspects (Rs.119 crores)
Here in both single and multi village rural water supply
schemes, service improvements linked to tranfer of single village and
intra-village component of multi-village schemes, contingency fund for
emergencies, and community sanitation schemes are included (Rs.1009
of Component-wise Cost and Sources of Funds in INR
to total SWAp
||Community Dev. Support
assisted by NABARD:
the provision of potable drinking water to NC villages and augment the
existing Rural Water Supply Schemes, the department is implementing
projects with Financial Assistance from NABARD. First such project was
approved in August 2000. Since then, till date total 21 projects have
been got sanctioned from NABARD under various tranches from RIDF VI
to XII. With the implementation of these projects, the department has
been able to achieve tremendous success towards providing potable drinking
water to a large number of villages in all the districts of Punjab.